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What is the guardianship?

In modern Russia we face variety of various replacing families: families of adoptive fathers, tutorial, reception families, family children's homes, family educational groups. The main and their general feature that in the conditions of a family another's (not biological) children are brought up. What their differences?

Reception family (adoptive fathers)
  • The status of adults — the Parent.
  • The status of children — the Reception child is equal to "native", has the right to receive the alimony, the inheritance
  • Quantity of children — is not limited
  • Premise term in a family is not limited
  • Age of children (preferable at reception) From 0 till 3 years, 85 % — till 1 year
  • The standard document — the Judgement
  • The control is carried out by guardianship and guardianship bodies
  • The state support — the Children's grant, if the income of a family below a living wage.
Tutorial family (guardianship — the child from 0 till 14 years; guardianship — from 14 till 18 years)
  • The status of adults — the Trustee; the trustee.
  • The status of children — Sponsored
  • The quantity of children — is not limited
  • Premise term in a family — to majority
  • Age of children from 3 till 17 years
  • The standard document — the Decision of the head of local government
  • The control is carried out by guardianship and guardianship bodies
  • The state support — the Tutorial grant
Reception family
  • The status of adults — the Lawful representative, the tutor of a reception family
  • The status of children — the Pupil of a reception family
  • Quantity of children — To 8 persons, including own
  • Premise term in a family — to majority
  • Age of children From 0 till 17 years
  • The standard document — the Contract on transfer of children to a reception family
  • The control is carried out by guardianship and guardianship bodies
  • The state support — Wages to the tutor; means for the maintenance of the child under children's home specifications (on a food, clothes, furniture, writing expenses etc.)
Family children's home
  • The status of adults — the Tutor of family children's home
  • The status of children — the Pupil
  • Quantity of children — Not less than 5 persons and no more than 10-12
  • Premise term in a family — to majority
  • Age of children From 3 till 10 years
  • The standard document — the Decision of the head of local government
  • The control is carried out by guardianship and guardianship bodies
  • The state support — Wages to the tutor; a premise, means for the maintenance of the child under children's home specifications (on a food, clothes, furniture, writing expenses etc.)

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